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- In the United States, depression affects nearly 2.75% of men (3 million men).
- It remains unclear whether depression is actually less common among men, or if men are just less likely to recognize and acknowledge the symptoms than women.
- Four times as many men as women die by suicide in the U.S.
- Men often deal with depression by withdrawing from others and throwing themselves into their work, engaging in risky or dangerous behavior, and/or becoming angry, frustrated and abusive.
- Women 18 to 45 years of age account for the largest proportion of people suffering from depression.
- Twenty to 40 percent of menstruating women experience premenstrual mood and behavioral changes.
- Approximately 2 to 10 percent of women experience Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, a severe form of premenstrual syndrome that is characterized by severely impairing behavior and mood changes.
- In one major study, 100 percent of women who had experienced severe childhood sexual abuse developed depression later in life.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depression, is a type of mental illness that involves a disorder of affect or mood. The person's mood usually swings between overly "high" or irritable to sad and hopeless, and then back again, with periods of normal mood in between. Bipolar disorder affects more than 2.5 million adult Americans every year. (National Institute of Mental Health)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Up to 90 percent of bipolar disorders start before age 20, although the illness can start in early childhood or as late as the 40's and 50's. An equal number of men and women develop bipolar illness and it is found in all ages, races, ethnic groups and social classes.
- More than two-thirds of people with bipolar disorder have at least one close relative with the illness or with unipolar major depression, indicating that the disease has a heritable component. (National Institute of Mental Health)
- People with bipolar disorder will spend as much as one-fourth of their adult lives in the hospital, and they will live one-fourth of their adult lives disabled. This can result in the person's losing as much as 14 years of cumulative productivity. (National Institute of Mental Health)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
- Anxiety disorders cost the U.S. $42 billion a year.
- Anxiety disorders may develop from a complex set of risk factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, personality, and life events.
- An estimated 19 million adult Americans suffer from anxiety disorders.
- Anxiety disorders are highly treatable, yet only about one-third of those suffering from an anxiety disorder receive treatment.
Posttraumatic stress disorder affects people who have experienced a traumatic event such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or personal assaults such as rape.
Symptoms include nightmares and flashbacks, difficulty sleeping, and feelings of detachment/estrangement. Symptoms can be persistent and severe enough to significantly impair a patient's daily life.
PTSD often occurs in conjunction with related disorders such as depression, substance abuse, and problems with memory and cognition. It may also affect a person's ability to function at work, in a marriage, or as a parent. Important: If you or someone you love is considering suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1-800-273-TALK (8255), or call 9-1-1 for help.
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